Salem is a place notorious for mourning historical events, where the so-called witches were executed and imprisoned to death in the land of Death.
Salem is a city in Essex County in Massachusetts, United States, this place began to be famous in the 17th century with legends and mysterious stories about witches. In 1692, a bloody and mournful year for Salem, a time when people were still ignorant and believed in demons, gods, and ruthless carnage.
The funeral event that day still haunts the American people and attracts researchers to learn about this mysterious land. Here are some facts that humans have discovered about Salem.
Witches are not just women and they are not condemned to burn alive
Normally, we see women who are said to be witches and executed by being tied to stakes and burned. However, of the more than 200 people convicted in Salem in 1692, both men and women.
The trial took place and 19 people including women and men were charged and executed hanged in front of a crowd, one was stoned to death after trying to ask for forgiveness, among The offender who had two newborn babies also died in prison.
The trials are not just in Salem
Salem is famous for the place where witches are executed, but historically the trials took place in some towns in the US such as Ipswich and Andover, Salem, and Salem.
In 1692, the Oyer-and-Terminer court held a notorious trial to investigate internal dispute phenomena in the Salem area. Illness, crop failure, and life conflicts have led people to believe that the land they inhabited has been cursed and caused by sorcerers, so a hunt and slaughter of those designated witches has been placing extremely fierce and cruel.
Women are the main subjects of condemnation
Among women convicted of witchcraft, 78% of women are accused. According to Puritan men and women were equal before God but not the Devil.
Women who are thought to be weak and easily persuaded by the Devil to follow the wrong path, single women, or get married without children are considered to be the most likely to bewitch, minions of demons.
The inmates were still charged until 2001
In 1992, a Salem teacher named Paula Keene discovered and realized that five victims at the 1692 execution were not legally pardoned. Descendants of these people still expect a decision of the law to return the purity to their ancestors.
In 2001, Paula Keene, with the help of human rights representatives, persuaded the Massachusetts House of Representatives to announce the ordinance to eliminate criminal records for five victims: Bridget Bishop, Anne Pudeator, Alice Parker, Susanna Martin, and Wilmott Redd. On Halloween, in 2001 they were declared innocent.
The Puritans were the mastermind of the Salem Test
In 1969, King Williams' war took refugees to Essex County in Massachusetts and especially to Salem, which led to chaos.
The Brits, especially the Puritan-dominated Christians here, believe that the devil has given man the evil power to cause a dispute. From the 1300s to the 1600s, education was affected by the Witch fever in Europe, where thousands of people accused of witchcraft were executed.
Since then, the Salem trials have been conducted and the massacre occurred in February 1692 to May 1693 with countless trials in the colonies of Massachusetts.
The first witch cases
In January 1962, nine-year-old Betty Parris and eleven-year-old Abigail Williams began to exhibit abnormal, crazy behaviors. They utter strange noises, scream, throw furniture, and behave strangely, twitching their body.
Twelve-year-old Ann Putnam also experienced similar symptoms. A doctor named William Greggs claimed that he could not see signs of common pathology and diagnosed that all three girls were possessed.
The allegation comes from racial prejudice
Tituba was the one convicted because she was a South American slave in the Caribbean, she was suspected of doing some divination to her master and they thought Tituba was the witch. In February 1692, after interrogations, Tituba admitted to enchanting girls and trying to destroy the Puritan Puritan in Salem. She gave her name, pointed out two more people, and was spared.
Differences in race, religion have created contradictions and strange behaviors of people have triggered the fight between racial discrimination broke out. The people of slavery and poverty have become subject to charges and have to pay with their lives.
Sentenced through the broth
The witch was discovered by people using experiments through baking. Mary Sibley proposed this method when she asked the suspect to practice baking a cake made from rye and urine of the possessed person (Abigail Williams and Betty Parris). Then bring the cake for dogs to eat.
According to British folklore, the witch will feel physical pain when she sees the dog eat the cake. Many people have been arrested and convicted in this crazy way.
Charged with suspicion of the trial court
Martha Corey is a member of the church and is often attending Salem witch trials. She doubted the unfair trial and forced torture of testimony against inmates of the court. Martha Corey has spoken out to protect innocent victims.
That inadvertently caused Martha to be accused of collusion and support for the devil, she was convicted as a witch and hanged on September 22, 1692, her husband Giles Corey was also charged and received a death sentence with his wife.
The case of Martha Corey was introduced to the public if anyone appears to suspect the authorities will receive a painful ending like the Corey couple.
A famous case in the trial is the case of John Proctor. John's wife, Elizabeth, was accused of being a witch and he sought ways to prove his wife's innocence.
This led to John being accused of witchcraft and being hanged on August 19, 1962, Elizabeth was sentenced to prison because she was pregnant should be spared.
A superstitious society has forced innocent people to die unjustly, causing many families to suffer, to split in blood and tears.
The turning point created the end of witch trials in Salem
George Burroughs, a rich and powerful man was convicted as a witch and executed at the gallows on August 19, 1692. He is famous for the fact that he reads the Lord's Prayer during his execution, something people think a witch cannot do.
Since then, people have begun to doubt the veracity of the court when confirming the witch, the uprising against the Salem trial began to be rekindled.
End the trial and admit mistakes
The Salem Trial ended in early 1693 and left serious consequences for many innocent people who died in injustice. Mourning covered Massachusetts. The judges confessed their mistake in the trials. In 1702, the court declared the Salem trial unlawful and the defendants were financially honorable.
After more than 260 years in 1957, the Massachusetts government made an official apology for the Salem tragedy, signaling the end of Puritanism in Massachusetts.
The Salem in the 17th century became a dark history of American history, an expensive lesson about the superstition of the government that led people to fall into misery and loss.